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The most common distributions are, as of december 2013<ref>[http://distrowatch.com/ distrowatch]</ref>
* ''the Debian family:''
** Linux Mint, a branch of Kubuntu/Ubuntu branched in 2009
** Debian GNU/Linux, initiated in
1983, known for its extreme stability and exceedingly long release scedule ,
** Ubuntu, a short release branch of Debian GNU/Linux starting from 2004
* ''the Red Hat family:''
** Mageia, a branch from Mandriva initiated in 2011, Mandriva in its turn a merger of Mandrake and Conectiva, both being derived from Red Hat
** Fedora, the free version of Red Hat, name changed from proprietarized Red Hat in 2003
** OpenSUSE, branched from Red Hat in 1994
Some other notable Linux distros are:
* Arch, a
poor-computer distro that by default installs a GUI-less but fully functional system▼
* Slackware, an old still pretty popular independent distribution from 1993▼
▲* Arch, a poor-computer distro that by default installs a GUI-less but fully functional system
* Kali, a Debian-based distribution with a collection of security and forensics tools,
▲* Slackware, an old still pretty popular independent distribution from 1993
* Linux From Scratch, LSF, not a distro but a large document: if you want to learn the full installation process of a Linux by hand, this is the document for you. It will take weeks to accomplish, but after that, you're a Linux expert.